April 3

Final Submission #AdobeT4T

Wow, what a journey this has been! I have loved every moment of it… I still have more to go, but I figured I would submit what I have done so far.

I have used word to create the capacity matrix participants will use for self assessment and reflection on learning, as well as a learning resource book that can be written on, notes taken in their own words as we discuss and during the direct instruction phase of the PD. Still have to add in the Premiere notes… but you will get the jist!

Linked in the workbook are two videos I created using Voice and Premiere Clip, as well as Explain everything to get the stuff all together. I used Jing for my screen captures, and I created a couple of videos, but I am having issues with my sound on the computer… nearly time for a new one… so the Voice and Premiere ones will have to do.

I am really excited about flipping my classroom, as I think the kids are really ready for it too! I see my digital tech kids for 45 minutes once a week, they love the subject, but scream there is not enough time… so we have started watching the videos, and coming in ready to have hands on help getting deeper knowledge of the software we are working on. I have also done this with my other classes… I spent a session getting my year 7s to learn the parts of the sewing machine… in future I will be sewing in class, they will be doing the naming themselves with a video for homework!!

I hope I have got it all ok… Thank you for the journey, it’s been great

AdobeT4TPDSArnottFinalPlan

PDResourceDocForAdobeT4TSArnott

CapacityMatrixFlippedClassroom

Photoshop Elements workspace and tool bar  Created with Adobe Premiere Clip App (free)

The Sewing Machine Created with Adobe Voice App (free)

March 17

Online overload

Wow… I have been involved for the past 2 hours in two outstanding online learning opportunities.  I was struggling with connection issues tonight, but luckily only lost about 5-10 minutes of the 2 hours.

7pm was the weekly face to virtual face get together of the #AdobeGenPro Photoshop/Digital Imaging course. We started with looking at the work, and students work of Ross Wallis. Focusing on the techniques of traditions and blending digital imaging techniques… makes me miss my photography days! It was a wonderful showcase of images.

Participating in Photo a day groups was suggested to develop creativity and stimulate ideas, and having participated in a couple for a few years now I totally agree. I have even started a local Photo a Day group on Facebook for our local community to celebrate the lovely area we live in.

Ross’s slight scary blips are at : https://www.polaroidblipfoto.com/rosswallis
Pinhole Photography and more
Time exposure app was mentioned but he couldn’t remember the name of it… arghhh will have to search
Ross mentioned “Snapseed” as being a brilliant photo app
Cindy Sherman – takes lots of selfies, using makeup to distort images
Some creative techniques using HDR: High Dynamic Range 
Ian Usher then took us through the practical task for this week, which was to create a meme… I am not a fan of this task, as I know teens will always take it that step too far. If wanting to use layers and text on an image I think a project like a magazine front cover would be far more effective. Again, taking old school assignments and putting them into the 21st Century.
We were also told the final assessment item for this course will be a lesson plan… brilliant as I am already putting them together in my head 🙂 and starting with my year 9s on Creative Commons image searches next week! Then manipulating them in Photoshop Elements.
The second hour was a hangout with other members of the Digital Pedagogy stream who’s abstracts have been selected to present at DigiCon15 the DLTV annual conference. I found out I will have 45 minutes… hmmm guess it won’t be as hands on as I had hoped, will have to flip that around hey! My topic? Getting Ready to Flip Your Classroom, which I am working on in the Adobe EdEx Train the Trainer Elements and eLearning Course!
Connection is getting flaky again… better post this now!

 

February 15

Week 2 Adobe T4T part 2 wrap up

The second part of Professional Design Development looked at best practices in Technology training which included:

1. Session Framework:

Making sure in the beginning you outline clear objectives and how you will achieve them.

Middle: referring back to questions asked or looked at in the beginning section

and the End, where you go over how the areas you aimed to cover were in fact covered.

2. Sequence of information

  • Demonstrate product’s real world application
  • show model student work or final product
  • orient to the user interface – introduce what the pallettes and toolbars look like
  • explore specific functionalities
3. Allow participants to create meaning from experience
minimise direct instruction less than 1/4 should be direct instruction
show how, then let them go on a larger task. you be the guide on the side, they take ownership of learning
circulate the room, guide and answer questions, work with each other
4. Encourage exploration and creativity
– encourage them to explore
– let them know there are no mistakes
– encourage to be creative
– encourage discussion, sharing of ideas and tips, tools and strategies

eLearning discussion:

I have been using Jing and Explain Everything to create learning tools for my students… and also just using the cameras on their phones or iPads to get them to create videos to show what they know or have learned.Jing is a capture application, which hangs around on the computer and when I see something I want to capture as video or image, I just grab the sun (the icon) and go. It’s always there, so I don’t have to open anything. I screen capture sections and images, which can then be put together to create learning objects to show steps. It can voice record as well.
Explain Everything I use to do just that. Often by screen capturing and then talking and highlighting I can take viewers through how to use a specific tool. Love this app as it uploads straight to YouTube, or you can save to the camera roll and upload to LMS or email to a class. I also get my students to use this to show me what they have learned about a specific topic…

Week 2 Assignment:

This week we downloaded the Acrobat template to fill in for the pre-planning phase of our major assignment task. This outlined who the PD plan would be developed for, the learning objectives and how we would include best practice approaches for adult learners and technology training.

My PD plan is for a session I will be giving (hopefully) at the DATTA Vic conference in May. I am looking at developing a session to help design and technology teachers develop learning tools to assist them to flip their classrooms. I will be using Photoshop Elements and Premiere Elements, as these are readily available as a part of Department of Ed’s software package for government schools.

Hoping it will all fall into place.

February 13

Teaching Adults… are there different needs?

In the first week of the Adobe Train the trainer course (yes I am playing catch up, and loving it) we explored the needs of adult learners and were introduced to Malcolm Knowles 6 assumptions on adult learner needs

  • need to know
  • self directing
  • wealth of experience
  • relevancy oriented
  • problem centred
  • intrinsic and extrinsic motivation

We were asked to reflect on how we have had successes and challenges in applying these best practices, as well as reflecting on if these assumptions make sense for me personally..

My initial reaction is that it is a logical approach… it reflected many of my personal observations, and put into words things I have seen done, both good and bad! I think most of these assumptions can be used for any learner, regardless of age… it may be surprising just how much some of our young people do know… and we need to not dismiss this either.
I would like to think I apply them all, but probably need to refresh my approach across the board to create improved learning opportunities. I believe I have been able to present aspects of digital learning as exciting and engaging. Shown them how they can help improve their time management, connections with students, create a more engaging 21stC approach. Relevancy oriented: To try and find out a bit about the target audience… whether they teach a specific area or year level.
Reflecting on how I use these in my training sessions was really interesting.

This has been great to revise some of the things I have done in the past, some of the tools I use without thinking, and adding some new links as to why I should include different areas.

I use need to know, relevancy, experience and problem centred without really thinking about it…. so being able to put a more focused reason as to why I do these is brilliant. Using things like sticky notes or digital discussion boards, IWB, KWL charts has become embedded in my practice over the years to get a snapshot of my audience, whether Year 9 Art or adult training at a conference.

I am definitely looking at improving my intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, even just by having a slide there to remind me. Being able to cater for the individuals by creating more emphasis on self direction will work better for me too. These areas will assist in me having more engaged learners in my professional development sessions.

The final part for the week is the assignment. This week’s was a basic introduction, as well as providing feedback on 3 other participants.

“On a sheet of paper or in your favorite note-taking software, jot down your thoughts on how you’ll complete this week’s assignment. Keep in mind that you won’t be able to submit your Week 1 assignment until you’ve earned a green check mark for each step in this week. Once you do, the “Submit Assignment” button will appear.
  • Where are you from?
  • What is your professional background? (For example, are you a teacher, administrator, current education trainer, etc?)
  • Who is in your typical professional development audience? (For example, university professors, teachers with little to no prior experience with Adobe tools, digital media teachers, etc.)
  • What Adobe tools do you use?
  • What are your personal goals for the Train the Trainer course?”
Well… my fave note taking app/site/thingy is Evernote… keeping all of my notes from the course on this, it is way more organised than me!!
  • I am from beautiful Melbourne in Victoria, Australia… one of the southern states, but still on the mainland. It is definitely worthy of it’s title as one of the world’s most liveable cities, I love it. I live on the south eastern fringe of the city of Melbourne, and have country blocks not too far away, but our small community has a lovely blend of wetlands and the convenience of suburbia.
  • I am a teacher in a secondary college… 11 – 18 years old generally at a 3 campus college near the beach. I trained as an Art/Textiles teacher in the mid 1980s, and fell into teaching Photography. I went to a conference in 1990 called “Still Photography” and I was bitten. I developed my passion for Photoshop, and that rolled into Multimedia, which lead to me developing leadership roles in using a range of these new learning technologies last century and onto today.
  • Apart from my students I train other teachers with a range of skill levels… I have presented at IT conferences (that was scary as an art teacher) and Design and Technology teacher conferences. So skills range from expert to zero.
  • The Adobe tools I use or have used or can use include: Photoshop, InDesign, PSE, PE, Premiere, Acrobat, Illustrator, Dreamweaver and Flash
  • I am passionate about sharing my love of these amazing tools…but things change and my dream leader role disappeared…. I have decided to shake it off… and continue to share my passion in other ways, so hoping this course will give me my mojo back so I can fire up!!

 

June 3

New MOOC underway

Tonight I started a new MOOC, deMOOC
This is looking at designing eLearning through tools including my much loved Moodle, and Mahara, which is an online ePortfolio which links neatly with Moodle…I have wanted to explore this for ages.
Also using connected learning by using #deMOOC to tag posts on Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn and Facebook…
So, ok, perhaps I should have been doing reports….but I am certainly the queen of procrastination!

June 3

New MOOC underway

Tonight I started a new MOOC, deMOOC
This is looking at designing eLearning through tools including my much loved Moodle, and Mahara, which is an online ePortfolio which links neatly with Moodle…I have wanted to explore this for ages.
Also using connected learning by using #deMOOC to tag posts on Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn and Facebook…
So, ok, perhaps I should have been doing reports….but I am certainly the queen of procrastination!

September 14

A Model to Transform your use of ICT

The SAMR model has been around for a while, but I think it is time for a revisit. Most of us have been working with some element or other of 1 to 1 access, but has our pedagogy – the way we use the technology to teach in our classes – changed or shifted in that time? I would like you to take some time to reflect on how you are using ICT in your classroom. Think about which level of SAMR you are at, and what steps you can take to get to the next level.

First what is SAMR? was developed by Ruben R. Puentedura  who has shared a wealth of pedagogical development resources on his website.

 Substitution and Augmentation look at keeping things basic, but enhancing the learning, while Modification and Redefinition Transform Learning opportunities for our students.

Substitution

 In substitution technology is a direct replacement for non technical/digital tools. There is no real change to how the learning occurs. Function remains the same.

Examples: Students use the Internet to search information, as they would have done with encyclopedias in the past. They write up a word document assignment, adding in images collected from web sites and print this out as evidence of their learning.

AugmentationIn Augmentation technology is a direct tool substitute, however function is improved.

 

Examples: Using Google Maps or Nearmaps (in Australia) students can view  up to date changes of global issues. Learning is supported by students being able to view multi modal learning objects, and enhancing the function of the learning. Students are able to play online maths games, and get immediate feedback on results. improving the function through the immediate feedback.

ModificationModification allows for learning tasks to be significantly redesigned through the use of technology.

Examples:  Instead of presenting a poster on a famous person students can create a multimedia presentation, or website which includes video, text and images. This transforms the learning, and students develop deeper thinking about the subject when a range of modalities are used.

RedefinitionNew tasks, previously not even thought of or possible can now be created through the use of ICT.

Example: Students with a topic of civil unrest use Twitter to follow the hashtag #Eygpt (which was the hashtag used during the 2011 and recent civil unrest). They post a question onto Twitter with the Hashtags #Eygpt #Freedom and follow the responses. They end up connecting with a woman on the streets of Cairo, who is a lawyer, and Skype chat with her about what the civil unrest in Eygpt is about. (This is based on a true story) Students can connect with others around the globe and create truly powerful transformative learning opportunities.

I think I use all elements of the SAMR Model… the most transformative in my classrooms has been using Google Drive for students working on a collaborative task to be able to edit together (they are still getting their heads around how that one works, and it is easier for them to slip back into old paper based habits, but after a miss-saved document went missing they are starting to really see the benefits.) The live blogging we are doing sharing processes and products on our blog and on YouTube are pretty exciting. And creating electronic portfolios, as they develop their work – this has been fantastic, as they are finishing off their folios, realising they didn’t take photos, but they are all available on our group Flickr page. I am giving my students the option for producing a presentation on a Fashion Designer… they can present it as a website, podcast, powerpoint or keynote, which will be presented to the class.

So… you have the tools in your classrooms, the kids have the tools in their pockets, what is stopping you from transforming the way your students learn? The most important person in the classroom should be the learner, and we all know that the most engaging learning is the deepest. We are all learners…so add a comment here, particularly those who are using iPads, netbooks and laptops, to share with us which stage(s) you are up to? How are you transforming your classroom?

June 13

That time again

Reports…. although it is mandated that we write reports to let parents and students know how we believe they are going with understanding the topics we present them, just how much is really relevant? Are there better ways to report on student learning. At the recent Alan November conference which was a part of #ICTEV2012, he discussed the notion that kids respond best to feedback given within seconds, not days or even months. So it does make me wonder how we can improve our response times, and I have started to explore a few tools which do indeed make life and responding to students much simpler and faster. There are so many being developed, there is bound to be one that suits your needs and environment. Teaching on the senior campus, I know the students always have their phones on them, and in surveys I have done in my classes there are generally only one or two in the class who cannot access the internet on their phones. Here are a couple of Apps I have had some success with!

SocrativeThe first one I will mention is Socrative…. available in Teacher and Student versions… beautifully integrates with ANY device. So I am able to set up quizzes, general questions or use those already created on my laptop, PC, Macbook, iPad, tablet, ipod, iPhone or Android phone, any mobile device which is able to access the internet. This also means you can harness the powerful devices found in the students pockets… their phones – regardless of the platform they use. When you create a Socrative Teacher account you are allocatted a “Room Number”. When students login to the m.socrative.com they are asked to enter Your “Room Number” and then join – no creating accounts, or having to remember passwords…. simple and straight to the action. The exit quiz gives you immediate feedback as to how the kids are understanding the concepts you have taught them. Very much in the vein of Eric Mazur and his Flipped Classroom. The feedback I have had from the students I have used this with is very positive, they are engaged, and enthused to learn more.

Teachernotes in the App store

The second one I will mention is Teachernotes – developed for iPhone and iPad – not there for Android yet. I had been looking for a simple recording device where I can take photos of students work, record their progress, and primarily use it as my marking book…. This App offers all that and more. I can create up to 3 classes with the free version… the paid version is $5.49 and you can have unlimited classes. I can enter the names of my students, and record details of assessments on the fly, from conversations, folio development, interaction etc, the stuff that often gets overlooked in the recording and reflection processes, unless you have an amazing memory. Each note can be saved under the student’s name, and come report writing time, you have a list a mile long to draw from, reflecting on their learning over the semester, including potentially images and voice recordings. But wait there’s more….. as I have been recording my assessment of folios, I am then able to email their assessments/my reflections on areas which need work etc directly to the students! Win – win as far as prompt feedback and reflection is concerned!.

The last app I will mention is Nearpod… currently only available for iOS devices (that’s iPhones. iPod and iPads) and I have been hearing wonderful reports about it…. so once I finish my reports I will put together some personal feedback and a plan of attack.

 

NearPod

Engage and create

 

Of course all of these apps can only be really useful with effective teaching practices. These tools give us the opportunity to reflect on how we teach the kids we have in our classes, and it has the potential to transform the way we teach to produce better outcomes….. if we use the tools and don’t change how we teach, the bottom line will be not much change will happen! Let’s transform learning and teaching!! What do you think? Would love to hear from other people as to what apps they find most useful! And how they have transformed your classrroom…. are you flipped yet??

 

June 1

Alan November and Flipping the Classroom

After listening to Alan November as part of the Guide To Innovation series on the Thursday for an hour session which just flew, I was really looking forward to spending a day immersing myself in his views on leading learning in the 21st Century. I love that the focus is on the learning and pedagogy, rather than the technology, which is a cool tool…. but just the tool.

Question…it has never been easier to be a teacher

We used Promethean clickers to provide immediate feedback – the results –

Is it easier to teach? Is it easier to learn in C21

 

Q. It has never been easier to learn something – Response… Agree

How to design a curriculum which involves the whole family in learning…. Those of us considered early adopters have seen many of the benefits and pitfalls of using new technologies, and have developed ways to minimise harm…. many parents often “don’t know what they don’t know”…we need to design curriculum for the whole family in order to have a whole community approach to ethical and responsible use. One way which was suggested was to create parent and family learning videos, to engage families. @HamishCurry mentioned this had been an approach used by the Libraries association and maternal child health practioners to assist in developing parent skills in reading with their children. This was working really well, until funding was lost.

Being able to think critically and validate information on the web was seen as a vital skill for all users of technology, and the old adage “don’t trust wikipedia” is no longer true, as we looked at ways of searching for information on “the earmouse” and realising that wikipedia actually had the correct information, where the more reputable news site (BBC) had information which was not correct.

“Actions of the mob, leads to accuracy” – in the case of wikipedia

3rd source should be a primary source…and by looking at your sources carefully and putting detailed search strings in (back to the Boolean search) such as the “:site” command in Google – site:MIT.edu limits the search to that extension, so you know you will probably be getting researchers data, primary source material, rather than reporters interpretation of the information.

The real revolution is not tech but info…do the kids know how to critical think, getting good quality info more important than being able to present it.

We must teach global empathy, as global citizen. I believe we do this better in Australia than they do in the US, mainly because we have so many more influences in our culture, having said that, showing students how to use country codes in searches to explore geographic and cultural differences in news reports is a great critical thinking skill… being able to view an opinion from both sides of the fence. Alan used the example of the Iranian hostage crisis, which of course was only called this in the Western media, and as the search continued the results in the Iranian news offered a totally different viewpoint.

Using Twitter to expand the conversation: Alan showed how following a hashtag (#) on Twitter could give you a wealth of information, and used the example of #Egypt which was nealy as fast moving as the #sbseurovision was over the weekend. A professor in the US posted a question on Twitter with the hashtag #Egypt, and ended up tweeting with someone on the streets of Cairo, about “What is freedom” This person agreed to then Skype with his class, and there in provide real primary source material. Needless to say the kids were enthralled.

The Flipped Classroom

The way you teach is more powerful than what you know, it’s all about asking the questions, developing inquiring minds

In her book: The Age of the Smart Machine,  1988 Shoshanna Zuboff explored the use of technology and how adding it to the classroom could add value. She generated the terms Automate and Informate

Automate…no change to structure, just adding technology does not lead to improvement on the whole

Informate …changes the balance of control, can lead to huge improvement, empowers and changes relationships. Process change

Flip model…changing the processes. Adding technology without process change adds no value. You can have as many 1:1 devices, but it does not mean there will be value added to the learning if the process is not changed.

All about the flip

Eric Mazur developed a flipped classroom approach in his Harvard Physics classes, to develop deeper understanding of the knowledge the students were covering

From Questions to Concepts

In fact Facebook was developed so his students could ask him questions (Mark Zuckerburg was in his class)

Game based learning is going to be one of the next big “things” according to the Horizon Report

#gbl #seriousgames

Of course kids prefer games to school, you don’t fail if you get it wrong in a game, at school there is punishment/failure if you get it wrong

Kids love learning, and getting to next level…they chose the level, in class teacher sets the level

They know the objective in a game, where often in school they don’t….”why do we have to learn this?”

Mazur’s model is Socratic, an exchange of ideas. Our brains are wired to be social, Socrates meets Facebook. The role of a good teacher is to ask the questions to generate debate

Quality of feedback is important- Hattie

If the brain records a misconception when young, the misconception trumps good teaching. It is harder to unlearn misconceptions.

Flipping saves time

1:1 should be about the teacher talking to each student everyday, not devices

Khan academy shows the whole game – students can choose their sttarting point and path with immediate feedback

Khan academy based on game theory, not punishment model

Beautiful chaos is kids working towards their goals, linear teachers have trouble with this

Coach feature gives teachers a wealth of information

Differentiation…perfection

Dan Pink – Drive

Purpose – autonomy – mastery

Our schools and way of teaching often moves on before some students are at mastery level. If you give them the chance of mastery, the kids will flourish. Flipping the classroom gives back time to teachers to develop the creative questioning

WrAP … Www.erblearn.org

The writing assessment program, ai to mark papers….gives data to free teachers from the hours of reading assessment

Fan fiction

Kids use a pseudonym to avoid criticism of self, only the work is criticised in reviews

Go figure…posting work to the world for feedback is more motivating than posting to your teacher

Publishing student work for a global audience

Get kids to produce tutorials for other kids

  • Look at critical thinking
  • Flip model…process change
  • Global relationships, world wide audience

Some great reference sites were shared to help harness the information

Hashtag.org

Trendsmap.com

Www.dipity.com – timeline creator, keep timelines, and build on each year

History pin works well with dipity and google maps

Mathtrain.tv kids making tutorials for kids

Hattie – peer tutoring

Ask a friend is always the first option

The teacher knows too much – explains at a level higher than the child can understand, math train has a rewind.

All in all a wonderful day. I have already started using Socrative Teacher as a feedback tool for my classes….with positive results from students.

 

 

 

February 17

Social Media and the Educator

’21st Century education integrates technologies, engaging students in ways not previously possible, creating new learning and teaching possibilities, enhancing achievement and extending interactions with local and global communities.’ MCEETYA.

There is no escaping it… social media is here, and no matter how much a teacher may want to ignore it, they need to embrace it to give their students more informed approach to using these tools. Educators also need to be well aware of the pitfalls…. many which are widely publicised in the news media.

Unfriendly Fire

Porn Star Teacher

It’s not however all doom and gloom and scariness, social media can be used safely and effectively with a few simple guidelines. It can bring a new level of connectedness to you and your students. An example, one of the first comments my 2012 Year 12s asked is if we were still going to use Facebook, as they found my reminders for due dates etc very useful. Other staff have told me their discussions with students about using online tools have been along the lines of: “If it’s not on Facebook, we won’t see it”.

DEECD and VIT  have very clear guidelines for the use of Social Media and working and playing in an online world.

Teachers warned not to friend kids on Facebook

CONTACTING students by mobile phone or email “without a valid educational context”.

POSTING any “offensive or slanderous” material about students, parents or colleagues.

SHARING content from personal social media sites, such as their Facebook accounts, with students.

UPLOADING images of themselves that have “potential to negatively affect their reputation”.

“VENTING” about their work, or posting personal or political opinions.

Victorian Independent Education Union secretary Deb James welcomed the campaign, saying social networking had become a minefield for teachers.

So how to work around this minefield, stay safe, with integrity AND use that fantastic resources on offer? A few simple steps is all it will take for you to be able to have personal fun with friends, AND have professional relationships with students.  The DEECD website covers a range of elements you will need to be aware of, and strategies for staying safe, respectful, responsible and showing integrity in your digital footprint. In general:

  • You need to be aware of the code of conduct under which you work as a teacher, the VIT one is linked to above, and any other local policies your school may have in place. Does your school have a Social Media policy?
  • Is you profile/account on a Facebook/Twitter/etc for personal or professional purposes? The recomendations are that you set up seperate work and play accounts. I find this really useful personally, particularly when you want to chill out, and not think of work!! I actually have 3 online profiles, one for personal, one for students and one for professional – which is where I have developed a wonderful personal learning network through blogging, twitter and a range of other social media sites.
  • If you are working with students – particularly at junior levels you may need to get parental approval, and you will need to be explicit in your expectations of online behaviour. We are the ones it falls upon to ensure the students leave us with better netiquette, and understanding of the ethics of living in an online world. More often than not, parents are at a loss about how to best support their children, and sadly the news media is filled with tales of children (and adults) making silly mistakes which will hurt their reputation in the future. Things we may well have done as younger people – but we didn’t have the ability to share our stupid acts with the world as easily as the kids do now. Some social media sites require users to be over 13, and it is policy of the department that this ruling is supported by teachers.
  • Privacy – are you aware of the DEECD privacy policy, have you checked that appropriate approval has been given to allow student’s images and work to be posted online? Have you restricted your personal privacy settings to ensure unwanted visitors are not able to see your information, images, etc.
  • The DEECD guidelines takes you through a range of other considerations, mainly relating to professional image, reputation and copyright. Remember that just because it’s on the internet does not mean you are free to use it.

What are some of the strategies you use in your classes to maintain the teacher student protocols? Have you used social media with your students? How have they responded? Thoughts??

Further resources

Educator’s guide to Facebook

The Case for Social Media in the Classroom

Policies for staff use of social media